Optical Crystals NaCl, KCl, KBr, CsI
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Lithium Tetraborate
Sodium Chloride (NaCl) is used for windows, lenses and prisms where transmission in the 0.25 - 16 µm range is desired. Because of its low absorption, Sodium Chloride is being used in high power laser systems. Polished surfaces must be protected from moisture by exposing it to only dry atmosphere or by using a heating element to maintain the Sodium Chloride above the ambient temperature. Sodium Chloride can be used up to 400C. The material is sensitive to thermal shock. Irradiation generates color centers.
   Potassium Chloride (KCl) is used for infrared windows, lenses and prisms when transmission in the 0.3 - 20 µm range is desired (transmission extends beyond that of Sodium Chloride). Potassium Chloride is soluble in water, and polished surfaces must be protected from moisture. Maximum use temperature is 400C.
   Potassium Bromide (KBr) is used as IR spectroscopic components, beamsplitters, and for CO2 -lasers. KBr is water soluble and must be protected against moisture degradation of polished surfaces. The material cleaves readily, and can be used at temperature of up to 300 C. Irradiation of KBr produces color centers.
   Cesium Iodide (CsI) is useful for infrared, having transmission through the visible out to 70 µm in a 2 mm thickness. It is principally used for infrared prisms, cell windows and as a beamsplitter or as interferometer plates. Cesium Iodide is also furnished as Thallium activated Cesium Iodide for scintillation crystals. Being relatively soft, this material has found application in satellite-borne radiation detectors, which must withstand extreme shock and vibration along with rapid temperature changes. Cesium Iodide precipitated powders are used in solid phase pelleting of samples for infrared spectroscopy. Cesium Iodide is highly water soluble and polished faces of this material may be damaged by moisture in the atmosphere when relative humidity is higher than 35%. CsI can be cut with a band saw. Standard polishing techniques can be used.

Specifications for windows:

Surface quality, scratch - dig 60 - 40
Clear aperture 90% of diameter
Diameter tolerance, mm +0.0 / -0.1
Thickness tolerance, mm ± 2
Flatness »/4 (633 nm)
Parallelism, arc min 3
” N < 0.5 x 10-5

  Lenses and prisms are available at request.

I N Q U I R Y    F O R M :

Quantity of elements:

polished sites:

 a-b b-c a-c
or d  
(if applicable)
For example:
10.0 +/- 0.1
a = mm;
c = mm
b = mm or
dia. = mm;
This field is for additional information such as application,
comments, add. requirements etc.

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